Introduction to the basic terms of biology and the different theories of the origin and development of life.
Chemical background in Biology
Discussion of basic knowledge of chemistry (Structure of atoms; Molecules-chemical bonds; Solutions; Chemical reactions; Inorganic constituents; Hydrocarbons; Organic compounds containing Oxygen or Sulphur; Organic compounds containing Nitrogen; Carbohydrates; Amino acids and Proteins; Lipids; Vitamins; Nucleic acids).
The cell and its organization
Understanding the structure and function of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells including animal and plant cells. Focusing on cell membrane, organelles, and hereditary material.
Clssification and physiological function of different tissues in plants and animals.
Classification and physiological functions of plant and animal tissues
Understanding the life cycle of different cell types, discussing mitosis and meiosis.
Introduction to biochemical reactions including anabolic and catabolic pathways regarding nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids (photosynthesis, bioenergetics included).
The physiology of living organisms
Discussion of ingestion and digestion, excretion, circulation, respiration, endocrine and neural regulation, immunobiology, locomotion.
Reproduction and development of animals
Introduction to asexual and sexual (male, female) reproduction. Fertilization, and embryonic development.
Organization of DNA, Mendelian inheritance, human genetics.
Animal behavior and ecology
Explanation of animal behavior, adaptation to environmental changes and the positive and negative effects of acceleration of the life.